What is sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to treat spider veins, reticular veins and varicose veins.
A Sclerosant chemical is injected into the vein that damages the inner most lining of the blood vessel leading to collapse of the vein.
What causes varicose veins?
- Hereditary- this runs in the family history unfortunately. The leg veins inherit the tendency for the venous systems pressure to increase over time.
- Prolonged standing- Standing for prolonged periods causes increase pressure in the venous system causing the valves that assist with the return of the blood to the heart to collapse leading to pooling of blood in the veins.
- Pregnancy-There is an increase in blood volume during pregnancy, leading to increase pressure demands on the venous backflow system.
What to expect after the treatment?
There is no down time after sclerotherapy. One need to walk for 10min atleast every day for a week.
When is sclerotherapy contra indicated?
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Inflammation in the deep leg veins
- Bruising pain, itching and blustering where the veins were treated.
- Skin discoloration along the treated vein which will disappear in 6-12months
- Superficial blood clots NOT DVT